Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a build-up of abnormal cells that form a mass in part of the stomach. Stomach cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in cells of the stomach. Malignant means that it can spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. Cells in the stomach sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally. These changes may lead to non-cancerous, or benign, tumors such as gastric polyps, benign gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) or lipomas. Treatment plans are designed by Dr Himanshu Yadav and his team to meet the unique needs of each person with stomach cancer. Treatment decisions for stomach cancer are based on: The stage of the cancer, The location of the tumor in the stomach, The overall health of the person with stomach cancer. Dr Himanshu is best doctor for stomach cancer in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Latest technology is used for the treatment of stomach cancer and with the help of expert staff every possible treatment is given to the patients for the cure of disease like stomach cancer. ICU facility is also available which provides extensive support to critical patients in the hospital during treatment or surgery.
Symptoms of Stomach Cancer:
Early-stage stomach cancer hardly causes symptoms. This is one of the reasons stomach cancer is so hard to detect early. The symptoms of stomach cancer can include:
- Poor appetite
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen
- Heartburn or indigestion
- Vague discomfort in the abdomen, generally above the navel
- A sense of fullness in the upper abdomen after eating a small meal
- Blood in the stool
- Vomiting, with or without blood
Most of these symptoms are more likely to be caused by things other than cancer, such as a stomach virus or an ulcer. They may also occur with other types of cancer.
Treatment options for stomach cancer:
Treatment for stomach cancer depends on several factors, including the harshness of the cancer and the patient's overall health and preferences. Treatments may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, medications, and clinical trials.
Surgery of Stomach Cancer:
Surgery is performed to remove the stomach cancer from the body as well as a margin of healthy tissue. This is necessary to make sure no cancerous cells are left behind. Such as:
- Removing tumors from the stomach lining in early-stage cancer
- Subtotal gastrectomy: A part of the stomach is surgically removed.
- Total gastrectomy: The whole stomach is surgically removed.
In radiation therapy, energy rays are used to target and kill cancerous cells. This type of therapy is not commonly used to treat stomach cancer because of the risk of harming other nearby organs. However, if the cancer is advanced or causing serious symptoms, such as bleeding or severe pain, radiation therapy is a better option.Neoadjuvant radiation:
Neoadjuvant radiation refers to the use of radiation therapy before surgery to make the tumors smaller, so that they can be removed more easily.Adjuvant radiation:
Adjuvant radiation is radiation therapy used after surgery. The aim is to kill off any remaining cancer cells around the stomach.Chemotherapy:
Chemotherapy is a specialist treatment that uses drugs to stop rapidly-growing cancer cells from dividing and multiplying. These drugs are known as cytotoxic medicines. The medication travels throughout the patient's body and attacks cancer cells at the primary site of the cancer and any other regions it has metastasized to.Neoadjuvant chemotherapy:
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is administered before surgery to shrink the tumor so that it can be removed more easily.Adjuvant chemotherapy:
Adjuvant chemotherapy is administered after surgery to destroy any cancerous cells that may be left behind. Chemotherapy may be the preferred treatment modality for certain types of gastric cancer, including gastrointestinal stromal tumors and gastric lymphoma.Targeted medications:
Targeted medications include SUTENT (sunitinib) and Gleevec (imatinib), which attack specific types of abnormalities in cancerous cells for people with gastrointestinal stromal tumors.